What is depression?
Depression is as old as civilization. It is one of the earliest described diseases in medicine. Depression is often associated with sadness, but it is more than just sadness. Sometimes when we are in a bad mood for a relatively short time, it does not represent depression. There are times in life when a person is saddened by a loss, the death of a loved one, relative, friend or has suffered material and emotional loss, but that grief lasts for a short time and gradually weakens. It is not depression. But if the grief appears for no reason, it is not proportionate to the cause, it does not stop and it comes back, e.g. If a person finds it difficult to work, socialize, sleep, can not enjoy life, then it is not just a bad mood, but depression.
Depression is the only deadly disease in psychiatry, because only a depressed person can commit suicide, so this disease requires a serious approach and treatment. Clinical depression is described as a disorder with physical and mental characteristics that can impair an individual’s ability to function in a social and professional environment. Depression is a condition that lasts for more than two weeks. Depression often occurs in people who have experienced painful experiences, degradation, humiliation, shame, or loss. Negative feelings resulting from childhood disappointments or losses, poor self-esteem regulation, self-centered anger, and feelings of helplessness and hopelessness are typical of depression. Repetition of childhood experiences and unconscious vulnerability are grounds for depression. In addition to clinical depression, which is a serious disorder that requires professional treatment, there are many milder and more masked forms of depression.
Although these milder forms of depression do not endanger daily functioning, they do reduce the quality of life and deprive us of the necessary feelings of joy, peace and contentment. After this text you will re-examine yourself and to what extent you can rule out the causes of depression which you can influence with little effort and without professional help.
What is anxiety?
Anxiety is very similar to depression, in that from the experience of experts so far patients have complained of a variety of difficulties of a physical nature such as: fatigue, nausea, vomiting, headaches, muscle tension and tightness, shaking of arms and legs, difficulty when swallowing and breathing, irritability, sweating, restlessness, insomnia, decreased concentration, hot flashes, itching, etc. If these symptoms appear continuously for a period of 6 months or more, then it is GAP or generalized anxiety disorder.
This disorder belongs to the group of anxiety disorders and is characterized by uncontrolled irrational care in daily functioning.
Anxiety is a constant feeling of pressure, tightness, inability to relax and unwind, lack of drive for life. Patients are often overly concerned about their health, family or financial problems, death in the family or environment, problems with friends, problems in relationships with other people, difficulties at work and so on. They often complain of the symptoms listed above, so if these symptoms are persistent for the last 6 months, then it is definitely GAP.
Most people who struggle with anxiety and depression are so focused on their treatment that they do not even think about the reasons why they appeared in the first place. Well, if you follow the well-known “it is better to prevent than to cure,” it is worth remembering the 7 most common reasons why these two disorders occur.
What to avoid becoming a victim of anxiety or depression?
1. Abuse of any addictive substances. In large quantities, nothing is harmless.
2. Excessive work, overworking hours, overloading thoughts exclusively with work responsibilities, without establishing a balance.
3. Surviving any trauma or grief after a certain loss.
4. Diagnosed with Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease increases the risk of anxiety or depression.
5. Unexpected and stressful changes in any field.
6. Low self-esteem and negative self-esteem.
7. Isolation from the environment or refusal of contact with people, as well as refusal of support from loved ones.