The Pacific is known for its plastic waste that has been dumping across the ocean for more than 30 years. It is also called the Island of Plastic Waste. According to scientists, the size of the waste has increased 100 times since 1970, ie according to statistics, the Pacific has reached the size of the US state of Texas with the expansion of waste. The area of Texas is 696,200 km2, so now do your math for the pollution of the Pacific. The “Great Pacific Stain of Waste,” as scientists call it, has been shown to pollute the water in the Pacific with millions of microscopic plastic strips formed by the decomposition of waste, creating a so-called “plastic soup.” Water pollution in the Pacific is not the only problem. Wildlife living in and around Pacific waters are also at risk from plastic pollution. It is estimated that fish swallow 12 to 24 tons of plastic per year. The particles also end up in the diet of a large number of birds.
Credits to: thepremierdaily.com
Plastic pollution of the oceans is a global problem that needs to be addressed. Boyan Slat was just a teenager when he came up with the idea of finding a way to rid the oceans of plastic pollution. Eleven years later, Boyan Slat became the inventor and founder of Ocean Cleanup. Ocean Cleanup is a non-profit organization that aims to release 90% of the plastic floating in the Pacific by 2040. First, in 2018, a prototype of a device for catching plastic in the oceans was made, but that prototype did not prove to be effective because it burst very quickly. A year later, the new prototype that was made proved to be more efficient than the previous one, but to achieve the goal of disposing of a large percentage of waste would require hundreds of such devices. This year, Ocean Cleanup created a new device called System 002 or Jenny. Jenny proved to be quite an efficient device, as she passed all the tests without a defect, and at the same time managed to remove almost 20,000 pounds of garbage. Jenny experienced an Eureka moment with the participants of the organization and all those who participated in this project.
October 8th, 2021: the final test extraction of System 002, and the moment we knew that cleaning the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is possible. pic.twitter.com/79e1SiNz4h
— The Ocean Cleanup (@TheOceanCleanup) October 11, 2021
Jenny’s first appearance was like a 330 – foot – long floating tube. Then the organization The Ocean Cleanup, upgraded its version which is now U-shaped and more flexible and more efficient. Jenny is a friend to the Pacific wildlife. Jenny sails at 1.5 miles per hour so that animals can easily swim around her, and this device also contains cameras, animal guidance systems, escape routes and lights, so pay special attention to the wildlife in the waters. in the Pacific. Once the device is filled with plastic, every few weeks the Ocean Cleanup crew empties the device on a boat and returns it to the ocean. The garbage that will be taken out of the ocean, ie the plastic, is recycled. Jenny has the capacity to clean 10,000 to 15,000 pounds of garbage. This means that it can clean large containers, microplastics, fishing nets, etc.
According to critics, this device has many drawbacks, starting from the fact that it collects only the garbage that floats on the ocean floor, and at the bottom of the ocean there is 30 times more garbage. Another disadvantage, according to critics, is that this device does not prevent garbage from being thrown into the ocean. The fuel used by Jenny also contributes to the pollution of marine life.
This device may not be perfect, it may have many flaws, but it has to start somewhere. Small changes mean a lot. If all major companies were to make significant changes and invest in offshore and ocean waste disposal equipment, surface water would be cleaned up in much shorter time than planned. For now, Jenny – the new device for dumping plastic waste from the ocean – is doing a good job.
This is what 9000kg of ocean plastic looks like inside the retention zone and on deck.
It’s no longer in the ocean, and next week, we’ll bring it to shore so it can’t pose a threat to the environment ever again. pic.twitter.com/Syl5uypND6
— The Ocean Cleanup (@TheOceanCleanup) October 14, 2021