Allergy is a hypersensitivity of the immune system, and allergic reactions occur when the immune system reacts to normally harmless substances in the environment. Allergies result in an inflammatory response that can range from unpleasant to dangerous. Allergy symptoms can spread throughout the body (anaphylactic shock) or localized to certain systems (for example, asthma localized to the lungs, eczema localized to the skin, conjunctivitis localized to the eyes).
What are the most common allergic diseases?
The most common allergic diseases that occur in the population are allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis.
• Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disease of the nasal mucosa and is characterized by the following symptoms: runny nose, nasal congestion and itching, as well as frequent sneezing. Allergic rhinitis occurs in all adult populations, and the incidence has increased in recent decades due to air pollution. The most common allergens that cause allergic rhinitis are grass pollen, trees, flowers, house dust and pet hair. They are present throughout the year.
• Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, recurrent, and inflammatory skin disease that is often familial. This condition is often associated with excessive itching, followed by age-related skin damage. As for babies, the first changes can be seen on the cheeks. During early childhood and later in life, skin lesions tend to cover the back of the neck, the back of the limbs, and the area where the joints bend.
Signs that you have an allergic reaction
1. Symptoms very similar to the common cold
If you notice that you are coughing constantly, it may be a sign of an allergy. In case of a cold, coughing is accompanied by a sore throat and inflammation. If this symptom is not present and you do not have a sore throat, then coughing may be caused by an allergen.
2. Redness of the skin
During the summer days, it is normal to think that redness of the skin is nothing but a mosquito bite that causes itching and redness. But it is important to remember that even a mosquito can cause an allergic reaction.
You also need to watch out for the parts of the body that the clothes touch – if you have redness in that area, then maybe your skin is reacting to some material or detergent you are using.
3. Itchy eyes, swollen eyelids
One of the most common allergic reactions is itchy and watery eyes. This usually occurs as a result of contact with pollen or dandruff on pets. Pay attention to the swelling of the parts of the face and body. This may mean that you are allergic to certain foods.
How to deal with allergies?
Try to avoid allergens. Avoiding pollen can be difficult to achieve, but following some helpful tips can help a lot. Get tested for allergies and seek medical advice on which medications will relieve your symptoms. Stay indoors longer during the season when plants you are allergic to pollen are blooming, and on rainy days, choose them for a walk. Always wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from pollen. Keep windows indoors, especially in the car, when pollen concentrations are high.
Alleviation of symptoms with drug therapy. Allergy is not curable, but it is used to alleviate it. It should be emphasized that the symptoms of this allergy, especially in the youngest, should not be ignored, so as not to lead to chronic asthma. Above all, for the treatment of allergies, it is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis. Once an accurate diagnosis has been made and we have no doubt that it is a pollen allergy, treatment of allergy symptoms begins with drug therapy that includes:
Antihistamines, which reduce sneezing, runny nose, itching, by reducing histamine in the body (tablets, nasal spray, eye drops);
Decongestants (nose and eye drops);
Corticosteroids (tablets, injections, inhalers).
People who suffer from allergic reactions depend on these medications to reduce symptoms, but often experience various side effects from their use, as is the case with any other pharmacological product.
Immunotherapy. Specific immunotherapy or allergic vaccination can be used to change the allergic status of the organism. This method is used only in cases when there is monosensitization, ie there is an allergic hypersensitivity to only one group of pollen.
A natural alternative against allergies
In addition to conventional medicines, there are other natural remedies for the so-called. natural immunotherapy, the use of which can alleviate or completely eliminate the spring allergy. The recommendations generally refer to strengthening the immunity, cleansing the body, consuming foods rich in vitamin C and consuming natural remedies that act as antihistamines. For example, consuming a teaspoon of honey daily for a few weeks before the plants start flowering can significantly reduce allergies.
Weak immunity is one of the main factors in the occurrence of allergies. It is therefore very important to use means to enhance immunity. There are a number of natural immune boosters, such as black seed oil, grapefruit seed oil, propolis, echinacea, etc.
Juice that can help you deal with allergies
All you need are the following 5 ingredients:
1 medium-sized carrot
2 large oranges
5-10 mint leaves
20g fresh ginger
Oranges are a great source of vitamin C that protects your immune system, while mint is a great natural inhalation for the airways that most often suffer from spring allergies.
Ginger, on the other hand, reduces headaches that can result from frequent sneezing, and is also an effective antioxidant.
Wash the fruit well and peel it. Chop all the fruits into small pieces and put them in a blender. Add the mint leaves at the end. Store the drink in the refrigerator and consume it on an empty stomach, before breakfast. A dose of one cup of coffee in one day is enough.